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Supplement to Nature, December 9, 189

Nature

A WEEKLY

ILLUSTRATED JOURNAL OF SCIENCE

VOLUME LVI

MAY 1897 to OCTOBER 1897

To the solid ground Of Nature trusts the mind which builds for aye.” —WoORDSWORTH

F ondott

MACMILLAN AND CO, LIMITED NEW YORK: THE MACMILLAN COMPANY

LONDON AND BUNGAY.

Bt

eX

‘Rays, William H. Meadowcroft, 444 veland), Determination by Search-Light of

ght, 422— : 1 Oe tena 232 m the Alli eory, including the Theor a Fu H. F. Baker, 441 F on. Ralph), Death of, 321 mstant of, C. L. Doolittle, 255 aur Physiologie der Gesichtsempfindungen, 315 . de W., F.R.S.), the Sensitiveness of the and Colour, 165; Scientific Requirements of

ra. 186 ey Optical Method of Studying Alternating

the), the Ascent of the Mount St. Elias

Magnetic Behaviour of Soft Steel, 388

cetylene as a Precipitant of Copper in Solution, um, 17; the Storage of, MM. Berthelot and etylene for Military Signalling, A. E. Munby, mit of Acetylene Gas, 550 Immunity against Human Tuberculosis, 23 y from Insect Stings, Kumagusu Minakata,

peng: 130; Sound a 154; the Visi 0’ V5 . Records, Dr. > of Intensity on Pitch of Sound, André Broca, ant ing, 204; W. F. Sinclair, 223; Limits of Audition, Rt. Hon. Lord ., 285; Distant Sounds, F. L. Ortt, 391 and Saturn upon Encke’s Comet, M. A. Diastase, the, 259 P. Drude, 583

periments on the Flow of Rocks, 484; re and Origin of certain Rocks of the Lauren-

hn fis, . F.R.S.), the Scientific Papers of, 73 I L T.), on Allotropic Forms of some Elements, Self-Registering Apparatus for Submarine

; New Submarine Cable Recorder, 348

Ray Tubes, A. A. C. Swinton, 79 veys for 1896, the, Rear-Admiral Wharton,

lens, on the Mycelium of the Witches’ Broom ; caused by, Prof, Magnus, 600

Observatory, the, A. McAdie, 107 irship Ascent, A. W. Barnard, 87; Kite Flying ogical Purposes, 182 ; Scientific Kite Flying, A. Rotch, 462; Tailless Kites, Prof. Marvin, 462; Kite Ascent, A. Lawrence Rotch, 540; on Ob- teorological Records in the Upper Air by means Balloons, A. Lawrence Rotch, 602; the Death fert, 161; Steam Aerodromes, Mr. Tatin and Dr. R 230; Departure of Herr Andrée, 275 ; Soaring he Dr. V J.S. Lockyer, 344 ; Aeronautical Ascents Measuring the Electrical Field of the Air, W. De Fonvielle,

5 LIN Dee

“Ether, the ; a Dynamical Theory of the Electric and Lumi- niferous Medium, Joseph Larmor, F.R.S., 189

Africa: the New South African Museum, 31 ; New Mammals from North Nyasa, Oldfield Thomas, 46; Zoology of Lake Tanganyika, J. E. S. Moore, 46; the Fresh Water Fauna of Lake Tanganyika, J. E. S. Moore, 198; Catalogue of the African Plants collected by Dr. F. Welwitsch in 1853-61, W. P. Hiern, 52; through Unknown Alrican Countries ; the First Expedition from Somaliland to Lake Lamu, A. Donald- son Smith, 193; the New Africa, Aurel Schulz, August Hammar, 340; Biblioteca di Scienze Moderne, No. 1, Antropologia della Stirpe Camitica, Prof. Giuseppe Sergi, 443; African Language, Miss M. H. Kingsley, 494 ; Locust- destroying Experiments in Natal, 523; Measurement of Drainage Basins, Dr. Al. Bludau, 550; the Second Bottego Expedition in Somaliland, Lieuts. Vannutelli and Citerni, 550

hater (Dr. G.), Determination of Velocity of Pro- -pagation of Amed (Asia Minor) Earthquake Shock of April 16, 1896, 277; the Aiden Earthquake of August 19, 1895,

453 Agardh (Jacob Georg), Linnean Society’s Gold Medallist, 86

Agassiz (Prof. A.), the Recent Coral Reef Borings, 19 ~ aro:

Agriculture: Cheese and Cheese-making, James Long and John Benson, 152; a Great Agricultural Estate, being the Story of the Origin and Administration of Woburn and Thorney, Duke of Bedford, 170 ; First Report on the Work- ing and Results of the Woburn Experimental Fruit Farm, Duke of Bedford, G. Murray, F.R.S., 170; Birds and Agriculture, F. E. L. Beal, 253; the Evolution of Agricul- ture, E. Hahn, 253; Electrical Determination of Moisture Contents of Arable Soils, M. Whitney, F. D. Gardner and L. J. Briggs, 277; Disappearance of Nitrates in Mangolds, T. B. Wood, 293; New Leaf-Fungi, Prof. Oudemans, 312 ; Composition of Drainage Water, R. P. Dehérain, 336; the Principles of Fruit-Growing, L. H. Bailey, 442; Ap- pointment of a New British Association Committee for the Promotion of Agriculture, 462; Formalin as a Preventive of Potato Scab, 502; Locust-destroying Experimentsin Natal,

23; the Improvement of Humous Earths, J. Dumont, 560 ; Yai-Book of the United States Department of Agriculture for 1896, 587 . p >

Aids to the Study of Bacteriology, T. H. Permain and C. G, Moor, 152

Aignan (A.), Determination of Resin Oil in Essence of Turpen- _ tine, 192

Air: heeuants made with the Bashforth Chronograph to find the Resistance of the Air to the Motion of Projectiles, Francis Bashforth, 314; on Spark-length and Potential Re- lations in Air and Dielectric Liquids, J. W. Edmondson, 462 ; © Aeronautical Ascents for Measuring the Electrical Field of the Air, W. de Fonvielle, 599 ; on Obtaining Meteorological Records in the Upper Air by means of Kites and Balloons, A. Lawrence Rotch,

Air-ship Ascent, A. W. Barnard, 87 :

Aitken (John, F. R.S.), some Nuclei of Cloudy Condensation, 71

Album, the Challenger, 251

Alcohol Motors, Researches upon, Max Ringelmann, 632

Aldridge (Mr.), on a Substitute for Overhead Wires in Electric Tramway Working, 507

Algze of the North Atlantic, H. H. Gran, 454

Algebra, Applied, on the Meaning of Symbols in, Prof. Alex,

cAulay, 588; Prof. Oliver J. Lodge, F.R.S., 613

iv

Index

[Si to Nature, December 9, 1897

Algebra for Beginners, T. Todhunter, 28

Algen u. Pilzen, Die Bedingungen der Fortpflanzung bei einigen, Dr. Georg. Klebs, 4

Algol Variable, Z Herculis, Dr. Ernst Hartwig, 350

Algonquian Blackfoot Legend concerning Scar-face, on the, R.

N. Wilson, 486

Allbutt (Prof. T. Clifford), Theory and Practice, 332

Allen (E. T.), Native Iron in Missouri Coal Measures, 387

Allen (Prof. F. J.), Subjective Transformations of Colour, 174

Allotropic Forms of some of the Elements, L. T. Addison on,

403

Alloys, Microstructure of, 506

Alloys, X-Ray Photographs of Solid, C. T. Heycock and F. H. Neville, 94

Alps, the Flora of the, Alfred W. Bennett, 195

Alps, on the Glacial Deposits of the, Prof. A. Penck, 485

Alternate Current Wave, Prof. Rosa, Mr. Duddell, Prof. Braun, on Apparatus for Mapping the Form of an, 462

Altitude, La Cure d’, Dr. Paul Regnard, 490

Aluminium, on Practically Available Processes for Soldering, A. T. Stanton, 352

America: American Journal of Science, 21, 188, 286, 387, 583, 631; Life Histories of North American Birds, from the Parrots to the Grackles, with Special Reference to their Breeding Habits and Eggs, Chas. Bendire, 25; American Journal of Mathematics, 44, 260, 631 ; Guide to the Genera and Classification of the North American Orthoptera found North of Mexico, Samuel Hubbard Scudder, 152; the American Excavations in Southern Babylonia, 198; American Association for the Advancement of Science, 208 ; American Mathematics, Prof. A. G. Greenhill, F.R.S., 244; Trans- actions of the American Microscopical Society, 247 ; American Association Meeting at Detroit, 412; on the Antiquity of Man in America, Prof. F. W. Putnam, Prof. E. W. Claypole, Sir John Evans, Dr. J. W. Spencer, Dr. McGee, 487 ; on Hut-burial among the American Aborigines, E. Sidney Hart- land, 487; on the Evidences of American-Asiatic Contact, Prof, Putnam, 487 ; Geology from an American Point of View, 585; Year-Book of the United States Department of Agriculture for 1896, 587; Missouri Botanical Garden Annual Report, 587 ; Drainage and Irrigation Works in Mexico, 589; on the Species of Pzcea occurring in the North-eastern United States and Canada, Prof. D. P. Penhallow, 602; the Klondike Placers, Dr. T. K. Rose, 615

Ames (Prof. J. S.), Effect of Pressure on Series in Spectra, 415 ; Theory of Physics, 611

Ami (Dr. H. M.), on some Palzeozoic formations in North America, 485 f

Amphibienlarven, Ueber Verwachsungsversuche mit, Dr. G. Born, Prof. W. F. R. Weldon, F.R.S., 489

Amsterdam Academy of Sciencé, 47, 95, 263, 312

Analysis of Phonograph Records, Dr. John D. McKendrick,

.R.S., 209

Anatomy : Death of Prof. H. V. Carter, 60; Death of Walter Rivington, 60; Death of Dr. Alfred Stocquart, 229 ; Monu- ment to Marcello Malpighi, 450; Death of Dr. Welcker, 522 ; the Mechanism of the First Sound of the Heart, 567 ; Topo-

. graphische Anatomie des Pferdes, Dr. W. Ellenberger, Dr. H. Baum, 586; Death of Dr. H. Heiberg, 593

Ancient History, Studies in, J. F. McLennan, 51

Ancient Volcanoes of Britain, the, Sir Archibald Geikie, F.R.S., Dr. Chas. Barrois, 241

Anderson (Alex), the Motion of an Iron or Steel Ballin a Magnetic Field, 31

Anderson (T. D.), New Variable in Coma Berenices, 279 ; New Variable Stars, 386

Andrée (Herr), Departure of, 275

Andrews (Prof.), on the Plaster of Paris Method in Blowpipe Work, 463; on the Iodide Film Tests for Metals, 463

Anemometers: Comparison of results from Three Anemo- meters, W. E. Plummer, 88; Comparison of Results of Dines and Robinson Anemometers, 205

Angot (A.), Rainfall of Western Europe, 323

Annelids, on the Musculo-glandular Cells in, Prof. G. Gilson,

555

Anthropology : Artificial Skull-deformation, F. H. Cushing, 16 ; Identical Customs of Dyaks and of Races around Assam, S. E. Peal, 53 ;the Engwurra or Fire Ceremony of certain Central Australian Tribes, Prof. Baldwin Spencer and F. J. Gillen, 136; Skulls discovered at Brandon, C. S. Myers, 299 ; Pre-

historic Trepanning, Dr. Malbot, 299; Prehistoric Prob- lems, Dr. R. Munro, 390; Death of Dr. Theophil Chud- zinski, 413; Biblioteca di Scienze Moderne, No 1, Africa: Antropologia della Stirpe Camitica, Giuseppe Sergi, 443; Anthropology versus Etymology, Andrew Lang, 466; the Kiss in Europe and China, Paul d’Enjoy, 501; the Lumbar

Index among the American Races, Dr. G, A. ate por He Ss

Frequency of Wormian Bones in Artificially Deform ulls of Vancouver Island Indians, Dr. G. A. Dorsey, 524; the Paniyans of Malabar, Edgar Thurston, 524; the Rapid Europeanisation of the Natives of India, Edgar Thurston, 524 ; Formation de la Nation Francaise, Gabriel de Mortillet, 538 ; the South Saxons, R, J. Horton-Smith, 551 ; Decorative Art of North Pacific Coast Indians, 571; Feathered Arrows from New Hebrides, Norman Hardy, 584}; Death of Dr.

Hermann Welcker, 594; on the Affinities of the Hovas of

Madagascar, M. Zabarowski, 620, See a/so British Associa- tion, Section H

Anti-Rabic Inoculations for 1896, at Paris Pasteur Institute, q

M. Pottevin, 161 Antiquity of Man in America, on the, Prof. F. W. Putnam, Prof. E. W. Claypole, Sir John Evans, Dr. J. W. Spencer, Dr.- McGee, 487 ay Antoniadi(M.), Martian Markings, 233

Apertures, Small and Large, Astronomical Photography for,

Prof. F. L. O. Wadsworth, 386 Appalachians, on the Former Extension of the, J. C. Branner,

484

Apparatus for Mapping the Form of an Alternate Current Wave, Prof. Rosa, Mr. Duddell, Prof. Braun, on, 462

Appearance of a Noddy in Cheshire, F. Congreve,

Appleyard (Rollo), Formation of Mercury Films Process, 70

Apt (R.), Electric Vibrations in Lecher System, 335

Aquatic Plant, a Troublesome, 332

m Aquilze, the Variable Star, William J. S. Lockyer, Prof. R. Copeland, 249; Prof. A. Belopolsky, 597

Aré, on the Source of Luminosity in the Electric, Prof. Henry

Crew and Mr. O. H. Basquin, 462 Arc Spectra of Metals, on the Shifting of the Lines in the, by

Increased Pressure of the Atmosphere surrounding the Arc,

W. J. Humphries, Dr. J. Larmor, 461

Archzology : an Archzeological Survey of the British Islands, Dr. David Murray, 12 ; Morse’s ‘‘ Bow-puller” the Greek

Myrmex, Prof. D. G. Brinton, 15 ; Compost of Ancient |

Egyptian Bronze and Iron Implements, Dr. A. Harden, 46 ; Death and Obituary Notice of Sir A. W. Franks, F.R.S.,

86; Ancient Egyptian Copper Tools, M. Berthelot, 119;

Liquids in Antique Vases, M. Berthelot, 119: Primitive Method of Drilling, J. D. McGuire, 140; Franz Calice, 317 :

the American Excavations in Southern Babylonia, 198;

Archaic Maya Inscriptions, Alfred P. Maudslay, 224; the Dolmens of Ireland, William Copeland Rane. ee As Stewart Macalister, 268; Prehistoric Problems, Dr. R.

Munro, 390; Formation de la Nation Frangaise, Gabriel de i |

Mortillet, 538; Ancient Glass Lead-backed Mirrors, M. Berthelot, 583

Archer (William, F.R.S.), Death of, 451 ; Obituary Notice of, i

70

Awhibald (Douglas), the Story of the Earth’s Atmosphere, 78

Arcidiacono (S.), Father. Bertelli’s Observations on the Micro- seismic Movements of the Ground, 384

Architects, Naval, the International Congress of, and Marine Engineers, 281

Arctica: Nansen’s Discovery of Deep Arctic Basin, M. de Lapparent, 36; Death of Baron Oscar Dickson, 130; Departure of Herr Andrée, 275 ; Geology of Franz Joseph Land, E. T. Newton, F.R.S,, and J. H. Teall, F.R.S., 262;

some Problems of Arctic Geology, Dr. J. W. Gregory, 301,

351; Variation in Length of Arctic Glaciers, 524; Arnold Pike’s Exploration ofthe Spitsbergen Archipelago, 595

Argentaurum under the Spectrograph, Sir William Crookes,

452 Argon: Attempt to pass Argon through Red-hot Metals, W. Ramsay, F.R.S., and M. W. Travers, 118 ; the Behaviour of

Argon in X-Ray Tubes, Prof. H. L. Callendar, F.R.S., Mr.

N. N. Evans, 624 Argyll (the Duke of, F.R.S.), the Great Submergence, 173 Arloing (S.), Toxic Effect of Human Sweat, 360 Armitage (E.), Earthquake at Hereford, 347

et Mae y Electrical ~

i

up, ent to een | _ December 9, 1897

Index Vv

Plates, Cuirassés et Projectiles de Marine, E. Vallier,

‘(—H_E.), Conversion of Chloronaphthalenedisulphonic 0 Dichloronaphthalenedisulphonic Acids, 359

. A. R. von), Death of, 383

(Prof. J. O.), the Permeability of Steel-making Crucibles,

cc Comet, Appearance of, 256 ; Gustave Leveau,

of, re ueil de Procédés de dosage pour l’analyse des s, des Minerais de fer, des fontes des aciers et

on the, Prince Kropotkin, 485

f the Tibet Expedition of the years 1889-90, Pyevtsoff, 27; a Ride through Western Asia, , 222

Customs of Dyaks and Races around, S. E.

on Assaying, P. de P. Ricketts and E. H. Recueil de Procédés de dosage pour I’analyse les des Minerais de fer, des fontes des aciers

_Arth, 124

nitudes of the, Herr G. Huber, 454 r A ‘W. Upton, 8 ; Organised or Sectional onomy, W. F. Denning, 9; the International ind Chart, 13 ; Our Astronomical Column, 17, 39, » 163, 185, 206, 233, 255, 279, 300, 324, 350, 54, 473, 504, 525, 552, 573, 597, 620; a on gbetween the Distances, Masses, and ies of the Planets, M. P. Berthot, 17 ; Relation- ie Masses and Distances of the Planets, G. E. Report of Mr. Tebbutt’s Observatory, 17; 4 Bodtis, Mr. Burnham, 17; Southern . W. H. Pickering and S. I. Bailey, 454; ary Star, 525; Death of Dr. E. J. Stone, 4 jituary Notice of, 57 ; May Meteors, W. F. 9; Meteor of July 29, J. V. Ramsden, 317; the 4s, 350; a Brilliant Perseid, Dr. W. J. S. 3 Outlying Clusters of the Perseids, Prof. A. S. shel, F.R.S., 540; a Bright Meteor, Prof. J. P. eilly, orecast of the November Meteor Shower, Jenn ; a New Meteor Photograph, Prof. E. E. - Observation of Meteors, with Special Leonids, W. F. Denning, 613 ; Centralstelle H. Kreutz, 39; Accidental Errors of _ Herr Doberck, 39; on the Varia- f. S. C. Chandler, 40; Resolving pes and Spectroscopes, Prof. F. L. C. Photographs of Metallic Spectra, Dr. O. e Scientific Papers of John Couch Adams, Origin of Solar and Stellar Light, M. R. Nebula of Orion, 90; Nebulze unrecorded Roberts, 134 ; a New Nebula Photograph, s, F.R.S., 454; the Parallax of 611 Cygni, , 90; the Chemistry of the Hottest Stars,

Corona, David P. Todd, 109; the Corona ww Evershed, 444; the Gegenschein or Zodiacal ow, Prof. d, 109 ; Death of William Godward, Latitude of the Royal Catania Observatory, 133;

| Micrometrical Observations of Venus, Prof.

; Harvard College Observatory Zone Observa- “he. al Observatory, Greenwich, 134 ; Prof. the Distances of the Stars, 139; the Disag- Comets, O. Callandreau, 143 ; the Disintegration _ O. Callandreau, 473 ; Comet Denning 1894 wlhof, 163; Observations of Mars, 163; Ap- Arrest’s Comet, 256 ; Gustave Leveau, 324; on of Cometary Phenomena, Prof. Goldstein, 350 ; Jupiter and Saturn upon Encke’s Comet, M. A. 04; Comet 1886 V., Mdlle. Klumpke, 415: cal Comets, W. F. Denning, 518 ; the Orbit of Comet IV., Dr. A. Stichtenoth, 573 ; Comet Perrine, 598, 620 ; pproaching Total Eclipse of the Sun,J. Norman Lockyer, » 154, 175, 318, 365, 392, 4453 Stations for observing

s

r in Trees, on the, Francis Darwin, F.R.S., 307

the Total Eclipse of the Sun in January 1898, 424; on a Method of reproducing Astronomical Photographs, Prof, K. D. Naegamvala, 153; Death and Obituary Notice of Alvan G. Clark, 158; Prof. Hale, 574; Death of Rev, Alexander Freeman, 159 ; New Southern Variable Stars, 163; the 1897 Maximum of Mira Ceti, Dr. Nyland, 163; the Variable Star 7 Aquilz, William J. S. Lockyer, Prof. R. Copeland, 249; Prof. A. Belopolsky, 597 ; New Variable in Coma Berenices, T. D. Anderson, 279; the Algol Variable Z Iferculis, Dr. Ernst Hartwig, 350; New Variable Stars, Thomas D. Anderson, 386; Stanley Williams, 386; New Southern Variables, R. T. Innes, 415; Variable Stars in Clusters, Prof. S. I. Bailey, 454; Royal Observatory, Cape of Good Hope, 185 ; Zodiacal Radiants of Fire-balls, W. F. Denning, 185 ; Personal Equation in Transit Observations, Prof. Truman Safford, 206; Paris Observatory Report, M. Loewy, 206; Belgian Time Reckoning, 206; Weinek’s Lunar Enlargements, 233 ; Martian Markings, M. Antoniadi, 233; Distant Stars, Albert Collison, 248; Constant of Aberration, C. L. Doolittle, 255 ; Catalogue of 480 Stars for Zone Observations between 20° and —8o0°, Prof. Auwers, 255; Latitude Observations at the U.S. Naval Observatory, Washington, Prof. W. Harkness, 256; the Distribution of Stellar Velocities, Prof. J. C. Kapteyn, 264 ; the Evolution of Stellar Systems, T. J. J. See, Dr. William J. S. Lockyer, 295 ; Cambridge Observatory Report, Sir Robert Ball, 279; New Observations of Venus, Dr. Eduardo Fontseré, 300; Conjunction of Venus and Jupiter, 573; Resolving Power of Spectroscope, Prof. Wadsworth, 300; the Horizontal Gyro- scope, 300; the Yerkes Observatory, Prof. Hale, 300; Dedication of the Yerkes Observatory, 454; Natal Observ- atory Report, Mr. Nevill, 324; Chronometers, Prof. Raoul Gautier, 324; New Determination of Precessional Motion, Prof. Simon Newcomb, 324; Recent Contributions to Astro- nomy, 350; Sunspots and the Mean Yearly Temperature at Turin, Dr. G. B. Rizzo, 350; the Level of Sunspots, Prof. H. Ricco, 573 ; Death of Dr. W. Petzold, 346; Conditions for Best Telescopic Definition, Dr. T. J. J. See, 386; Astro- nomical Photography for Small and Large Apertures, Prof. F, L. O. Wadsworth, 386; Planetary Notes, 386; Death of S. E. Peal, 383; Death and Ohbjtuary Notice of Albert Marth, 383; Effect of Pressure on Series in Spectra, Prof. J. S. Ames, W. J. Humphreys, 415 ; the Law of Spectral Series, Prof. Thiele, 597; the Madras Observatory, C. Mitchie Smith, 424 ; the Magnitudes of the Asteroids, Herr G. Huber, 454; the Meudon Astrophysical Observatory, Dr. William J. S. Lockyer, 494 ; the Cause of the Proper Motion of Stars, 504; New Determination of the Solar Constant, Dr. G. B. Rizzo, 504 ; New Divisions in the Rings of Saturn, Prof. J. M. Schaeberle, 552; Bond’s Collected Works, 525 ; Eclipse Expedition of the Lick Observatory, 525; the Etna Observ- atory, 544; the Alleged Former Redness of Sirius, Dr. H. Samter, 552; Stars in the Large Magellanic Cloud, 620; the Photography of Delicate Celestial Phenomena, Dr. T. J. J. See, Prof. F. L. O. Wadsworth, 620; Dr. B. Engelhardt’s Observatory, 620 |

Astrophysics: the Meudon Astrophysical Observatory, Dr. Willlam J. S. Lockyer, 494 ;

Athens, Meteorological Observations at, 253; M. Eginitis,

2

poe (Prof. G. F.), some Preliminary Experiments with the Réntgen Rays on Plants, 600

Atlantic, on the Surface Plankton of the, Prof. Herdman, W. Garstang, 555

Atlas, Star, W. Upton, 8

Atmosphere : the Story of the “Earth’s Atmosphere, Douglas . Archibald, 78 ; the Effect of Wind and Atmospheric Pressure on the Tide, F. L. Ortt, 80 ; Atmospheric Centres of Action, Dr. H. H. Hildebrandsson, 160; on the Constituents of the Atmosphere, Prof. F. C. Chamberlin, 485

Atomic Theory: Histoire de la Philosophie Atomistique, Leopold Mabilleau, P. J. Hartog, 513

Atomic Weight of Thorium, Prof. Brauner on the, 462

Atomic Weights of Nickel and Cobalt, Prof. Richards on the,

62 Aadition, the Limits of, Rt. Hon. Lord Rayleigh, F.R.S., 285 Auerbach (Dr. Leopold), Death of, 594 Augury from Combat of Shell-fish, on, Kumagusu Minakata, 30 ; Chas. A. Silberrad, 494 : August Meteors, the, 350

B

vi Index

lement to Nature, ecember g, 189

[- up,

Aumale(Due-d’), Death and ong Notice of, 34

Aurora, Brilliant, H. C. Russell, F.R.S.j 183

Austin (Alfred), Science and Poetry, 594

Australia : Inoculation with Chicken Cholera as a 2 Means of Sup- de Rabbit Pest, C. J. Pound, 16; the Engwurra, ior - Fire: Ceremony: of | certain. Central Australian ‘Tribes, Prof. Baldwin Spencer and F. J. Gillen, 136 ; the Naturalist in

© Australia, W. ‘Saville-Kent, 271°; Extraordinary ‘Weather.in

Australia, 323; Study of the Brains of certam Australian

Aborigines, Prof, A. Macalister; 487

Austria : .Manchester’s Report on Technical Education in Germany and Austria, 627

Automatic Photography of the Corona, David PR: Todd, 109.

Auwers (Prof.), te of 480 Stars for Zone OUservations between ~ 20° and 80°, 255

Ayrton (W. E.; F.R'S.), ’Practical Engineering : a Laboratory

. and Lecture’ Course for First-Year Students:“of Electrical Engineering based on the Ervesationes Definitions of the Electrical Units, 537°

Babylotiai the American Bicavaiiony? in Southioray 198°

Bach (A.), Part played by Peroxides in Slow Oxidation, 47

Bacteriology :: Evolution of Oxygen from Coloured. Bacteria, Dr. A. J. Ewart}'23; Vitality of Plague Bacillus in Infected

. Grain, Prof. Hankin, 36; the Plague Bacillus, ‘Dr. ‘Rudolf

* ‘Abel, ‘232 ;- Prof. Koch, 275; New Quantitative: Method :of determining Anti- bacterial Action of Blood and Tissue Fluid, » Mr. Hamburger,’96 ;. Tubercle Bacilli in Milk; Dr. Massone, 132; the Tubercle Bacillus, J. Ferran,’ ra Aids'to the Study of Bacteriology, T..H. Permain and’ C, G. ‘Moor,.152.5 the

-. Bacillus of Yellow Fever, Dr. G. Sanarelli, 159;° Dr. Havel. burg, 322 ;the Etiology of Yellow Fever, :Dr: E. Klein, F.R.S., 249; Nature of Contagium of Rinderpest, Alex-

~ ander Edington, 165; Bacteria and ‘Rock ‘Decomposition, J. C. Branner, 188; a Bacterium Living in Strong Spirit. V. HH. Veley, F.R:S.,; ‘Lilian J. Veley, 197; Bacterial. Flora of Thames, Prof. H. M. Ward, F.R.S., 238 ; Bacteriology in

- Russia, 276: the Correct Diagnosis of Diphtheria Bacilli, Dr. ‘Max Neisser, 298; Untersuchungen ueber der Bau der Cyanophycien und Bacterien, Prof. Dr. Alfred’ Fischer, 364 ; the Story of Germ- Lifes ‘* Bacteria,” H. W.: Conn, Mrs. Percy Frankland, 565; the Rise and Fall of Bacteria in Cheddar Cheese, Major Russell and Weinzirl, 571 ; Insects and Yeasts, Prof. Italo Giglioli, 575

Bailey (L. H.), the Forcing-Book ; a Manual of the Cultiva- tion of Vegetables in Glass-houses, 101; the Principles of Fruit-growing, 442 ; the Survival of the Unlike, 493

Bailey (Dr. L. W.); on the pre- -Paleeozoic and Palaeozoic Rocks of Nova Scotia, 484

Bailey (Prof. S. I.), Southern Double Stars, 454 Variable Stars in Clusters, 454

Baker (Ii. F.),, Abel’s Theorem-and the Allied: Theory, includ- ing the Theory of the Theta Functions, 441

Baker (R. T.),.the Cinnamomums of New South Wales, 464

Bakerian. Lecture, the, on the Mechanical Equivalent of Heat, Prof. Osborne Reynolds, F.R.S., and W. H: Moorby, 102

we" Sparen Planetary Orbits illustrated by a, Geo. Romanes,

Ball (Sir Robert), Cambridge Observatory Report, 279

Ballistics : Experiments made with the Bashforth Chronograph to find the Resistance of the Air to the Motion of Projectiles, Francis Bashforth, 314; Penetration of Inch Iron Plates by ‘Clay Plug driven at High Velocity, 550

Balloons, on Obtaining Meteorological Raconts in the Upper Air by means of Kites and, A. Lawrence Rotch, 602

Bancroft (Wilder D.), the Phase: Rule, 362

Baratta (Dr. M.), Record of Calcutta Earthquake by Vineentini Seismograph, 501

Bardet (G.), Action of X-Rays on Retina, 192

Barillot (Ernest), Alcohol Denaturation, 120 °

Barlow (Mr.), on the Relation and Structures of certain Granites and Associated Arkoses in Lake Temiseataiig, oneees) 485

Barnard (A. W.), Air-ship Ascent, 87

Barnard (Prof. E.. E.), the Gegenschein or Sodises Aten

glow, 109; Physical and Micrometrical Observations of Venus, 133 ; a New Meteor Photograph, 552

Barnes (Mr.), on a New Method of Measuring the Specific Heat of Liquid, 461

Barometric Frequency Distribution of Diverse Stations, Prof. Karl cn, F, R. S., and Alice Lee, 260

| Barus (Prof. Carl), _. Range Temperature sane ies

' Bashforth: (Francis); “Experiments made: with. the- -Bashfortlis Chronograph to find the Resistance of the Air to the Motion :

Bateman (Rev. G..C.), the Vivarium». beinga een!

= 254 Baubigny (H.), Method-of Separation of. Bromine from “Mixture eo

Beal. Red. )-Birdagud Ageoultatsargs: 0 ele Beattie (Dr. J.'\Carruthers), Continuation of phe } Electric Properties of Uranium, 20; Electrification, he Air we

Barrett'(Prof. W. F.), the Divining Rod, 568 |.

| Barrois (Dr. Chas.), the Ancient Volcanoes of Britain, ‘Sir 4 2 ht its ;

| Barry (Dr. F. W.), Death of, 593 noes S a, fe

Archibald Geikie, F.R.S., 241 Bartlett (A. D.), Death and:Obituary Notice of, 35.

Variables in Physics, 528

of oh awe 314 ie AG ria bec Basquin (Mr. H.); on the Source of Luminosity Teathe.

Electric Arc, par tse aed Bat-Pollinated Flower, a, 108 ak it

to the’ Construction, Arrangement, and Management: of:

Vivaria, containing full Information as to all Reptiles suitable.

as'Pets, how and where to obtain thems tte how. to keep them in Health, 467 Bateson (Mr.), on Hybrid Cinerarias, 167. - Battandier (J.), a New Alkaloid, Retamine, 388, 536 _

fi Peers

wae ube be Pty

Battelli (Prof. A.), the. ANeged. Reflection of Kathodie Rays;

of Alkaline Bromide and Chloride, 608 + P

. Baxendell (Joseph, F.R.S.), Short Period. Cyclical. Gisieges ine | Magnetic: Condition. of Earth .and Surface: Distribution: of

Temperature, 231

Baum (Dr. H.),: ‘Topographische Anatomie des Prerdes, ee

Bazin Roller-Boat, the, 500

Sy eRe Shoakad

Ht wy

Uranium and its Compounds, 191: . iba dene

Beavers of Norway, the, Prof. Collett, 549.

Beckenkamp (J.), Relation-between Electrical ,and~Chemical

Belgian Time Reckoning, 206 reteset

Becker (G.: F.), on the Frictional Cerystallisation we foe,

Properties of Crystal, 335 ~~ rays) ea ee (Henri), Explanations.of some Expérivente? i Le 5

Bon;..71.; on M. Le. Bon’s Experiments on: theaeaeid

Black Light (Lumiére Noire), 619 - ay Beddard (F. E., F.R.S.), the ieathavias ‘of Birds, pe

‘Bedford (Duke of), First Report on the Working and. Results fs

the Woburn Experimental Fruit. Farm, 1703;.a Great -

cultural Estate, being the Story of the: Oneie: and Adminis

tration of Woburn and Thorney, 170 Bees : Hymenoptera, Vol. \i.,, Wasps and,. Lieut.-Colonel <) i Bingham, 363 ; Beetle Collector’s Handbook, the. Young, Dr. 125 Bell (Mrs. Arthur), Flowering Plants, 152 A Bell (Prof. Alexander Melville), the Science of Speech, 270 Belopolsky (Prof. A.), the Variable Star m Aquilee, 597 Bendire (Chas. ),, Life Histories of North American Birds, from

the Parrots to the Grackles, with Special ni st to. she

Breeding Habits and. Eggs, 25 Bennett (Alfred W.), the Flora of the Alps, 195

Benoist (L.), the Law of Transparency for Réntgen Rays, 37.

Benson (John), Cheese and Cheese-making, 152

Bent (J. Theodore), Death and Obituary Notice of, 35.

Beri-Beri and Rice. Diet, Inspector: Vorderman, 264. ;

Bertelli’s (Father) Observations on the Microseismic oe. ment of the: Ground, 384

Berthelot (M.), the: Explosive Desompesitinas: bf: Selitioks of

Acetylene in Acetone, 71; the Storage of Acetylene, 89; Ancient Egyptian Copper Tools, 119; Liquids in Antique ©

Vases, 119; Commencement of Combination between Hydro- gen and Oxygen,’ 360; Ancient Glass and ied banked \ Mirrors, 583

Berthot (M. P.), a Remarkable Relation Semen the. Riek i

tances, Masses, and Surface Gravities of the Planets, 17 -

Bertin-Sans (H.); Complexity of Buridle of. X-Rays; 9% =

Bertrand (E.), the: Combined Open-Hearth Process of Bertrand and Thiel, 64

Bertrand (Gabriel), Effect of Manganese on Oulton Ieliced by Lavoasty TI; spaidising Action’ of Manganous Salts,

pe SPR ee

ad

of Stomata, 600; ‘on the © Chi y-shaped

Holacantha emoryt,-601. .

Some vat pia

ot Cis

yen ite a ere

iments on |

E. H : Hoffman, ;

I9I Bemey: (Prof. Cc. E.), some: ‘Considerations upon; the: Funetions

4

ied

if 5. | 4

$1 ment to |

cember 9, 1897

Index

Vil

(A.), Action of Water on Phosphoryl Trichloride, 95 ; y of Iodides of Phosphorus, 191

.), Three New Australian Plants, 263

_N.), the Pseudoscorpions, 470

harya (Jogendra Nath), Hindu Castes and Sects, 561 phy of Gilbert White, a, Edward A, Martin, 418

phy of Science, a, William Swan Sonnenschein, 468 di Scienze Moderne, No. I. Africa: Antropologia pe Camitica, Prof. Giuseppe Sergi, 443

ycles and Tricycles, Archibald Sharp, C. V. Boys, ; R. H. Housman, C, V. Boys, F.R,S., 293 ; on Bicycle Friction, Prof. R.-C. Carpenter, 522 , F.R.S.), Subjective Transformations of

Ride Through Western Asia, 222 against Serpent Venom, Prof. T. R. Fraser,

gy: Respiratory Proteids, Researches in Biological

y, A. B. Griffiths, 9 ; Les Théories sur I’Hérédité et

es Grands Problémes de la Biologie Générale, Yves Delages, rof. Lankester, F.R.S., 75; Zeit-und Streitfragen t B of. Dr. Oscar [lertwig, 98 ; Death of Dr. tz Miiller, 107; Development of Port Jackson Shark, Dr.

ll, 192; the Vertebrate Skeleton, Sidney H. Streaming Movements of the Protoplasm in , H. B. Potter, 248; L’évolution régressive sociologie, Jean Demoor, Jean Massart, Prof. side, 292; the Action of Light on Diastase, > Biology ; Metamorphoses of the Murenoids, Dr. » and er Grassi, 422; Coccoliths in our s, Prof. J. Joly, F.R.S., Dr. H. H. Dixon, and Obituary Notice of Prof. Humphrey, 470; Lacustrine Biological Station, Prof. Ramsay ible Copepoda, Prof. W. A. Herdman,

rkable, 525 ' onel C. T.), Hymenoptera, vol, i., Wasps

on mong existing Reptiles, W. Saville-Kent,

of Sunlight on the Tints of Birds’ Eggs, , 11; Life Histories of North American Birds the Grackles, with Special Reference to their and Charles Bendire, 25 ; Feathered and New, Dr. W. T. Greene, 25; Coloured Eggs of British Birds, with Descriptive Notes, hm, 25; a Handbook to the Game-Birds, W. R. ng British Birds in their Nesting Haunts, Camera, Oswin A. J. Lee, 25, 196; Birds A. Fulcher, 29; the Feathering of d, F.R.S., 36: Wild Bird Protection and c., J. R. B. Masefield, 78 ; the Birds of our

shire, F. Congreve, 544 ; Birds of the Galapagos

Robert Ridgway, 590

Frog Shower at, 416 |

L. Penfield and H. W, Foote, 387

Lumiére Noire), M. Le Bon’s Experiments on the . Henri Becquerel, 619

est ee by a Wagtail, F. C. Constable, de P. Nicholson, 343

. F.), the Laccolites of Cutch, 166

(T. H.), a New Definition of Focal Length, 166

(Walter F. H.), on Mimicry, 197; Sample-Post for

History Specimens, 271 ; the Constitution and De-

it of the Society of Termites, Prof. B. Grassi and Dr.

qias, 517

faut Phenomenon of the Electric Arc, 311

Guide to the Clinical Examination of the, ‘yl Wags Dr. Richard C. Cabot, 100

uman, the Specific Heat of, W. F. Lloyd, 595

pipe Work, Prof. Andrews on the Plaster of Paris Method

l, 4! u Cor. Alois), Areas of South American River Basins, 36 ; Measurement of African Drainage Basins, 550

for

dg

Boas (Dr. Franz), Decorative Art of North Pacific Coast Indians,

571 Boat Sailing: a Cyclone Sail, Percy S, Pilcher, 342

_ Bogdanovskaya-Popoff (Dr. Véra), Obituary Notice of, 132

Bogomoloff (Dr. T.), Death of, 451 —— ee Reversal of Respiratory Current in Decapods,

Boirivant (Auguste), Assimilating Tissue of Stems deprived of Leaves, 388 :

Bollettino della Societa Botanica Italiana, 93

Bollettino della Societa Sismologica Italiana, 345, 388

Bond’s (William Cranch and George Philips) Collected Works, 525

Books of Science, Forthcoming, 525

Boomerangs: G. T W. F. Sinclair, 79

Bodtis, the Double Star, 44; Mr. Burnham, 17

Borchers (Dr. W.), Electric Smelting and Refining: the Ex- traction and Treatment of Metals by means of the Electric Current, 492 :

Walker, 45 ; Boomerangs without Twist,

Borlase (Willlam Copeland), the Dolmens of Ireland, 268 ' Born (Dr. G.), i

Ueber Verwachsungsversuche mit . Amphi- bienlarven, 489

Boscovitch (Father),. Contact Electricity and Electrolysis ac- cording to, Lord Kelvin, F.R.S., 84

Bosi (Dr. Italo), Electric Resistance of Solutions of Salts in Motion, 254

Botany: the New. York Garden, 16; Linnean Society, 23, 142; Catalogue of the African Plants collected by Dr, F. Welwitsch in 1853-61, W. P. Hiern, 52; Death of Dr. E, Russow, 60; the, Cultural Evolution of Cyclamen (Jati- Jolium, W. T. Thiselton- Dyer, F.R.S., 65; Jacob George Agardh, the Linnean Society’s Gold ;Medallist, 86; the

. Jourral of Botany, 93, 260, 488, 607 ; Nuovo Giornale Botanico Italiano, 93; Bollettino della Societa Botanica Italiana, 93; the Respiration of Root-submerged Plants, H. von Schrenk, 95; a Bat-Pollinated Flower, 108 ; Diseases ot Plants induced by Cryptogamic Parasites, Dr. Karl Freiherr von *Tubeuf, Prof. H. Marshall Ward, F.R.S., 121 ; Death of Dr. Julius von Sachs, 130; Obituary Notice of, Francis Darwin, F.R.S., 201; New South Wales Linnean Society, 143, 263, 464, 584; Flowering Plants, Mrs. Arthur Bell, 152 ; a New Truffle, Ad. Chatin, 167 ; Stomata observed by a New Method, Francis Darwin, 167; some Considerations upon the Functions of Stomata, Prof. C. E. Bessey, 600; on the Chimney-shaped Stomata of Holacantha emoryi, Prof. C. E. Bessey, 601; Mr. Bateson on Hybrid Cinerarias, 167; the Fertilisation of Eupomatia laurina, A. G. Hamilton, 192; the Flora of the Alps, Alfred W. Bennett, 195; Woody Tissue only of Living Plants penetrable by Rontgen Rays, Dr. J. Istvanffy, 205; Primuda elatior in Britain, Miller

_ Christy, 239; Spermatozoids in Gymnospermous Phanero-

_ gams, Prof. Ikeno and Dr. Hirase, 239; Streaming Move- ments of the Protoplasm in Pollen of Flowers, H. B. Potter, 248; the Action of Light on Diastase, 259; Three New Australian Plants, J. H. Maiden and E. Bletche, 263; the

_ Laboulbeniacez, R. Thaxter, 278; Untersuchungen ueber Bau, Kerntheilung und Bewegung der Diatomeen, R. Lauter- born, 291 ; on the Ascent of Water in Trees, Francis Darwin, F.R.S., 307: New Leaf Fungi, Prof. Oudemans, 312; Botanische Wanderungen in Brasilien, Prof. Dr. W. Detmer, 315; Cleistogamy in Cryp/enia canadensis, Thos, Meehan, 323; a Troublesome Aquatic Plant, 332; Manganese in Ligneous Tissues, G. Guerin, 360; Assimilating Tissue of Stems deprived of Leaves, Auguste Boirivant, 388 ; Irritant Action of Cypripedium on Human Skin, D. T. McDougal, 422; Algz of the North Atlantic, H. H. Gran, 454; the Cinnamomums of New South Wales, R. T. Baker, 464; the Systematic Position of the Dictyotacez, J. L. Williams, 471 ; the Survival of the Unlike, L., H. Bailey, 493 ; the Camphor Tree, 501; an Important Function of Leaves, U. Suzuki, o2; Formalin a Preventive of Potato Scab, 502; Kew

ulletins of Miscellaneous Information, 1896, 503, 565; Ten

Years’ Work of the Royal Gardens, Kew, 577 ; the Curvature of Roots, D. T.: McDougal, 525; Retardation of Growth of Lower Fungi by Gravity, Julien Ray, 584 ; Missouri Botanical Garden Annual Report, 587; Influence of Spring Frost of 1897 on Oak and Beech, Ed. Griffon, 608

Bottle, Floating, Drifts in North Atlantic, 252

Vill

ae

L[ndex

Supplement to Nature, December 9, 1897

Botrychium virgintanum, the Gametophyte of, E. C. Jeffrey, 60

I

Bouffé (F.), Psoriasis and Syphilis, 240

Bouman (Z. P.), Emission and Absorption of Glass and Quartz at Different Temperatures, 47

Bourbon: Voyages made by the Sieur D. B. to the Islands Dauphiné or Madagascar, and Bourbon or Mascarenne, in the Years 1669, 1670, 1671, 1672, 34!

Boutroux (Léon), Double Chlorides formed by Cinchonamine,

60

Davey (Prof.), on the Method of Testing Timber at the McGill University, 507

‘* Bow-puller,” Morse’s, the Greek Myrmex, Prof. D. G. Brinton, 15

Bower (Prof. F. O., F.R.S.), on Changes in Number of Sporangia in Vascular Plants, 601

Boys (C. V., F.R.S.), the Visibility of a Sound Shadow, 173 ; Bicycles and Tricycles, Archibald Sharp, 217, <